Chrysanthemums grow best and produce the most flowers if they are planted in full sunshine. They respond to plenty of food and moisture.
There are hundreds of varieties of Chrysanthemums, giving you a multitude of options for height, color, flower size and time of bloom. You can pick and choose to fit your wants and needs when you visit the nursery.
Mums can be started as seeds, from cuttings and dividing, or can be purchased at a nursery in sizes from bedding plants up to gallon size and larger plants.
They should be planted into well prepared, fertile, sandy soil. Mums resent ‘wet feet’ so the hole should be dug extra deep.
The chrysanthemum, which is closely related to the daisy is often referred to by gardeners as “mums”. The term chrysanthemum is adapted from the Greek words chrysos which means gold (its original color) and anthos meaning flower.
History of Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum is one of the most popular flowers, next only to rose. Chrysanthemums belong to the Asteraceae (compositae) family, the second largest family of flowers. The plant has been cultivated by the Chinese for more than 2500 years.
Chrysanthemums originated in China and was brought by Buddhist monks to Japan in AD 400. There’s even a “Festival of Happiness” each year in Japan to celebrate this flower.
Chrysanthemum blooms come in a huge variety of sizes and shapes and in a wide range of colors. Other than its traditional yellow color, there are also other colors such as purple, lavender, pink, burgundy, bronze, white and red color. The mum blossom is actually a collection of hundreds of flowers. Each white petal is a ray flower. Each tiny, orange bump in the center of the flower is the top of a disk flower. Each of the many ray and disk flowers bears a regular blossom’s male and female parts. Chrysanthemums range in height from 5 to 180 cm, depending on the species.
Chrysanthemum flowers have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. Chrysanthemum tea is very popular and is used as a relaxant. It is also commonly taken to help relieve head congestion and strengthen the lungs. Drunk with meals (especially of greasy food) it helps to aid digestion. The fresh flowers can be applied to the eyes in order to relieve dryness and itching. Chrysanthemum is classified as a cool, acrid herb which is useful for relieving heat of the upper body such as chest and head, being especially helpful for itchy, red eyes. It enters the Lung Meridien.
Yellow chrysanthemum is best at clearing heat while white chrysanthemum is better for soothing the eyes, so your tea should be chosen accordingly. The tea can be safely drunk on a regular basis. It may also help relieve certain type of headaches, dizziness and blurred vision. Studies have also shown that chrysanthemum tea may have a beneficial effect on high blood pressure
Symbolism & Meanings
Chrysanthemum contains a chemical called pyrenthrum, which helps naturally repel most bugs. It is also thought to improve blood flow and reduce varicose veins. Acording to feng shui, this flower is believed to bring happiness and laughter to the home.
The chrysanthemum means compassion, cheerfulness, rest, loveliness, optimism, abundance, wealth, friendship and secret love.
The chrysanthemum flower symbolizes long life, joy, optimism and fidelity.
A red chrysanthemum symbolizes love, white symbolizes loyal love and truth, while yellow means slighted love. They are the November birth flower and the 13th wedding anniversary flower. It is said that when placing a single petal of this celebrated flower at the bottom of a wine glass will encourage a healthy and long life.
To this day, it was believed by the Japanese that the chrysanthemum is a symbol of the sun, and the way in which this flower opens its petals denotes perfection.