Rose High Society
A rose is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. Flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and showy, in colors ranging from white through yellows and reds.
Facts about Roses
- There are over 100 species of the rose.
- We usually call the sharp spikes on the stem of a rose bush “thorns”. But these are in fact technically prickles.
- The flowers of most species of rose have five petals except for the species ‘Rosa sericea’ which has only four.
- The name “Rose” is often used as a girl’s name in English speaking countries.
- For hundreds of years the rose has been widely recognized as a symbol of love, sympathy or sorrow.
- The rose is most commonly used as an ornamental plant grown in the garden for its beautiful flowers.
- The rose can be used in perfumes. The nice scent of the rose comes from microscopic perfume glands on the petals. Sometimes rose petals are also dried and packed for commercial use as decoration or for scent.
- Because they’re low-maintenance and nice to look at, rose shrubs (classified as a shrub even though some don’t look like shrubs for example the climbing rose) are used as landscape plants for hedging (the thorns can discourage intruders) or planted on hillsides as a slope stabilizing method to stop soil erosion.
- The fruit of a rose is called a rose hip. The berry-like hip are usually red in color but some can be dark purple or black.
- Rose hips of some species are extremely rich in vitamin C, because of this the hip is sometimes made into jam, jelly, or brewed for tea. The hip also has minor medicinal uses, used in food supplements and can be pressed or filtered to make rose hip syrup. Hip seed oil is also used in skin products and makeup products.
- Historically the rose was of great importance to the Romans and Egyptians. Romans would use them as room decorations, or wear them on string around their neck and anything which was said “under the rose” was deemed to be a secret. The famous Cleopatra of Egypt was believed to have covered the floor of her palace room with roses before Mark Antony visited her.
- The rose can come in all colors although a “black rose” is not actually black it is usually a dark red. Each color has a different meaning or symbolises something different to us for example red means love, orange – desire, yellow – joy etc.
- Traditionally England is signified by the rose, it is the country’s national flower. The rose came to prominence there during the ‘Wars of the Roses’, 1455 to 1485 when the house of Lancaster was represented by the red rose and fought against the house of York which was represented by the white rose.
Lasting vase life for roses
It’s a tried-and-true way to keep roses and other cut flowers fresh longer: Put a crushed aspirin in the water before adding your flowers. Also, don’t forget to change the vase water every few days. Bleach. Freshly cut flowers will last longer if you add 1/4 teaspoon bleach per quart (1 liter) of vase water.
- Roses may be grown in any well-drained soil with optimum sunlight.
- Most Rose varieties are grown by budding on an understock (lower portion of a plant) propagated from seeds or cuttings.
- Clay soils, warm temperatures are always preferred, and the rose plants grow best when not set among other plants.
- Cow manure is the preferred fertilizer for Rose cultivation, but other organic fertilizers, especially composts, are also used.
- Rose plants usually require severe pruning, which must be adapted to the intended use of the flowers.
- Trim off all broken and bruised roots on the Rose plant, cut top growth back to 6 to 8 inches.
- Dig planting holes at least 6 inches deeper to accommodate the roots of the Rose plant without crowding or bending.
- Mix 1 tablespoonful of fertilizer with the soil placed over the drainage material.
- Cover this mixture with plain soil, bringing the level to desired planting depth.
- Make a mound in the center to receive the Rose plant.
- Set Rose plant roots over this mound, spread the roots, and fill in with soil.
- Firm the soil tightly 2 or 3 times while filling the hole.
Rose Plant Care
When watering Roses, soak the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, do not merely sprinkle.
When it comes to fertilizing your roses, Provide a balanced diet to your roses. See what your plant is deficient in and try to include them in the fertilizer. Timing is also an important part to maximize the benefit of your fertilizer so that the nutrients are available to the plant when it needs it most during the active growing and blooming stage. Order your rose fertilizer now to enhance the vigor of blooming in your roses.
Mulching during the summer will eliminate weeds among Rose plants. Mulches should be applied 2 or 3 weeks before the Roses come into bloom. Winter mulching with straw, peat moss, or other material is advisable. This mulch regulates the soil temperature and tempers the effects of freezing and thawing on the Roses.